ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 6-11

Relationship between Anthropometric Parameters, Neck Circumference, and Intraocular Pressure among Normal Adults in Ile-Ife


1 Department of Ophthalmology, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Ile-Ife, Osun State; Department of Ophthalmology, University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital Complex Ondo, Ondo State, Nigeria
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
3 Department of Ophthalmology, Lily Hospitals Limited, Warri, Delta State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Adetola Oluwadamilola Feyijimi
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital Complex, Ondo, Ondo State, Post Code: 350106
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njo.njo_17_21

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Aim: To determine the relationship between anthropometric parameters, neck circumference (NC), and intraocular pressure (IOP) among the adult population in Ile-Ife, Nigeria Method: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 450 randomly selected nonglaucoma subjects from the students and staff population of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Ethical clearance for the study was obtained from the institution and written informed consent was obtained from subjects. The demographic profile of subjects was documented and measurements of anthropometric parameters, NC, and IOP were carried out. Data were analyzed using statistical software SPSS 23.0. The bivariate linear regression model was used for correlation analysis and the level of statistical significance was set at P < 0.05. Results: Four hundred and fifty subjects were examined comprising 194 males (43.1%) and 256 females (56.9%). The mean age was 34.26 ± 11.78 years. The mean values for height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and NC were 1.67 ± 0.09 m, 70.7 ± 14 kg, 25.49 ± 4.91 kg/m2, and 34.65 ± 2.79 cm, respectively. The weight and height were significantly higher in males than in females but BMI was higher in females. The mean IOP for all the subjects was 14.40 ± 3.26 mmHg. Weight, BMI, and IOP significantly increased with age, and mean IOP also significantly increased with increasing height (P = 0.045), weight (P = 0.005), NC (P = 0.0005), and BMI (P = 0.0001). Conclusion: Increased weight, BMI, and NC were found to be significantly associated with IOP elevation, which is a risk factor for glaucoma


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